Digraphs and blends chart

Digraphs and blends chart

Digraphs and blends can be tricky for kids. Where do blends and digraphs fall in the order that we teach primary?

In order to teach primary, we begin with beginnings sounds.

Then we blend those sounds to form words. I like to start with word families and then move on to CVC words.

Then, comes the -ck words and double consonant words ff ll ss zz.

After this, I like to teach primary kids digraphs sh, ch and th.

Then comes blends which take a while but once I finish teaching primary kids the blends, you will be surprised to see the improvement in their reading ability.

But blends and digraphs can be quite confusing between themselves.

Let’s understand the difference.

Digraphs – when two letters come together but you hear only one sound.

Example: shop

thin

chip

wheel

photo

Hear the sounds that sh, ch, th, wh and ph are making. Although there are two letters, there is only one sound. We call them digraphs.

Blends – when two letters come together but you hear both sounds.

Example:

blog

brag

clip

crack

twins

dwarf

swim

step

snap

smock

lamp

link

mist

wind

prism

Hear the sounds in the above blends. You will hear the sounds of both the words that form the blend.

Blends can be in the beginning or towards the end. Reading them is a challenge but the biggest challenge is when it’s time to write words with blends. Children typically say the blend but record only one sound from the blend.

blot becomes bot

sent is written set

For that reason, I like to spend a lot of time studying blends with kids and I like to do a lot of writing practice as well.

I have prepared a digraphs and blends chart with pictures for children to practice blends and digraphs. The pictures in this digraphs and blends chart will aid in understanding the sound better. I have only covered initial blends in this chart.

 

blends and digraphs chart with pictures for kindergarten and first grade